What old and new crafts shape the nineteenth-century digital archive? How is the nineteenth-century paper archive remediated and remixed in the twenty-first century digital archive? What kinds of authors, users, and citizens do nineteenth-century digital projects call for? And what shape do they take? These are some of the questions addressed in this tenth anniversary issue of 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century dedicated to the Nineteenth-Century Digital Archive. In ‘The Craft of the Archive’, Morris Eaves and the Blake Archive team address the digital palimpsesting of William Blake’s Four Zoas, whereas Jason Camlot discusses digital forensics, audio fossils, and analyses early voice archives. The Our Mutual Friend Reading Project, Birkbeck’s durational interval reading experiment, is discussed by Ben Winyard, Emma Curry, and some of the project’s digital personae: Beatrice Bazell, Holly Furneaux, Pete Orford, and Melissa Symanczyk. The ‘Experiments’ section features Nadia Valman’s Zangwill’s Spitalfields app, Bob Nicholson’s Victorian Meme Machine, and Rob Gallagher and Ana Parejo Vadillo’s remix of Michael Field’s Sight and Song. Finally, in ‘Visions’ we explore the Internet Archive with Brewster Kahle; Gale Digital Collections with Ray Abruzzi; the Central Online Victorian Educator with Dino Franco Felluga; Citizen Science with Sally Shuttleworth, Gowan Dawson, and team; Lost Visions with Julia Thomas; nineteenth-century periodicals with Laurel Brake and James Mussell; and conclude with Hilary Fraser and Jerome McGann reflecting on digital nineteenth-century worlds past, present, and future.
Forewords: Ten Years of 19