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Veiling the Mechanical Eye: Antoine Claudet and the Spectacle of Photography in Victorian London

Author:

Stephen Monteiro

About Stephen
Stephen Monteiro teaches Visual Culture and Media Studies at the American University of Paris. He has taught for New York University and Columbia University, where he received an MFA in film in 2000. He earned his doctorate in art history and aesthetics at the University of Paris, Panthéon-Sorbonne, in 2007. In addition to his work on the history of photography, he has written articles and presented papers in the United States and Europe on contemporary art and its relationship to time-based media.
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Abstract

The rise of commercial portrait photography in the mid-nineteenth century placed the bourgeois body squarely within technological processes of visual representation. Photography's chemical and optical operations required the subject's physical presence before the camera's mechanical eye, reciprocally exposing the apparatus to the subject's fixed gaze and provoking an unprecedented confrontation of vision, body and technology. Setting the client within photography's technical processes, however, could endanger efforts to promote photographic portraiture as a product of artistic endeavour. In response to this in photography's first decade, London studio owner Antoine Claudet enshrouded the apparatus in a competing visual rhetoric evoking luxury and the sublime. Examining contemporary accounts of Claudet's studios and neighbouring attractions of entertainment and consumption uncovers the overlapping references to enlightenment, beauty and pleasure that surrounded photography's early machinery. While this alternative discourse may have softened the stare of the mechanical eye, it nevertheless contributed to technology's increasing hold on the body and mind.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.16995/ntn.485
How to Cite: Monteiro, S., (2008). Veiling the Mechanical Eye: Antoine Claudet and the Spectacle of Photography in Victorian London. 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century. (7). DOI: http://doi.org/10.16995/ntn.485
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Published on 01 Oct 2008.
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